The orbital bone (eye socket) serves to protect the eyeball, muscles, nerves, and blood vessels from a severe blow or trauma. However, trauma around the eyes can often cause the thin, orbital bones around the eyes to break, often known as a blowout fracture. Most often the very thin floor of the bony orbit is fractured, followed by the inner wall, outer wall, and upper wall (floor). North Texas residents who have suffered an orbital trauma or blockout fracture, should visit Oculoplastic Associates of Texas at their Dallas or Plano office to have their eye examined and treated as soon as possible. An untreated fracture may cause damage to the eyeball and nerves, which will affect the patient’s vision.
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Orbital fractures can sometimes be treated without surgery. However, if double vision is present or the movement of the eye is limited or abnormal, surgery is recommended to improve the movement of the eye and to prevent a “sunken in” look (also known as enophthalmos).
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Trauma and Fracture FAQs
The best treatment for trauma complications is to prevent the trauma from occurring in the first place. It is important to take the necessary precautions to protect the eyes during sports and other potentially dangerous activities. Ask one of our doctors for recommendations on how to protect the eyes.
When to Go to the Doctor?
A minor eye trauma or fracture may become more serious if the patient does not get immediate medical help. These are some of the signs that indicate a serious eye injury:
- Impaired, blurry, or double vision
- An eyelid that is cut or torn
- One eye is different than the other
- The pupils are an unusual shape or size
- Blood in the whites of the eyes
- A foreign object that cannot be removed
What to Do?
Patients should seek medical attention as soon as possible after an eye injury, an ophthalmologist if possible. The person should avoid touching, rubbing, or putting pressure on the eye. The person should not try to remove a foreign object or treat the injury themselves with eye drops or ointment. Blowing the nose should also be avoided.